Question: How Do Noncommunicable Diseases Affect The World?

What are the 4 types of non-communicable disease?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes..

What are the common lifestyle diseases?

Lifestyle diseases include atherosclerosis, heart disease, and stroke; obesity and type 2 diabetes; and diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse. Regular physical activity helps prevent obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, colon cancer, and premature mortality.

What is the most common non contagious disease in the world?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

Which is the most contagious disease?

Common cold – This is the most highly contagious and the most common infectious disease in humans. This is an infection that has been a common thing since the existence of humanity.

What are the effects of non-communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases have potentially serious socioeconomic consequences, through increasing individual and household impoverishment and hindering social and economic development.

How do communicable diseases affect the world?

Communicable diseases remain a major global public health threat worldwide. For example, malaria and HIV/AIDS are mass killers, with the populations in poor countries being hit the hardest. In addition, rapidly developing microbial resistance has led to a new dimension of threat posed by infectious disease.

What are the main causes of non-communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What are the causes and effects of non-communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are usually caused by genetic or lifestyle factors. Four types of NCDs – cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases – account for almost two-thirds of all deaths globally, with 80 per cent of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries.

What are the signs and symptoms of non communicable disease?

A chronic disease caused by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of joints.Most serious of the most common forms.Joints become deformed and often no longer function normally.Joints affected: hands, feet, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees, hips, and ankles.It is usually symmetrical in the body: both hands will hurt.More items…

Is depression a noncommunicable disease?

Chronic NCDs that are frequently linked with depression include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases (10–12). This co-morbidity has become a major concern worldwide, and optimal management of the problem is increasingly a topic of interest.

How can NCDs be prevented?

Many NCDs can be prevented by addressing diet, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol use and making the places we live in health promoting. … Promoting healthy diet, physical activity, reduced alcohol use and tobacco use cessation are simple and cost effective measures to reduce premature death and disability from NCDs.

What are 3 examples of non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.Cardiovascular disease. Poor diet and physical inactivity can cause increased: … Cancer. … Chronic respiratory disease. … Diabetes.

What are three risk factors that can cause non-communicable diseases?

The rise of NCDs has been driven by primarily four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets.

What are the 5 non-communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What is the most preventable non communicable disease?

Cancer. For the vast majority of cancers, risk factors are environmental or lifestyle-related, thus cancers are mostly preventable NCD.