Which Of The Following Is A Cause Of Atherosclerosis Quizlet?

What are two of the hallmark signs of atherosclerosis?

If you have atherosclerosis in the arteries leading to your brain, you may have signs and symptoms such as sudden numbness or weakness in your arms or legs, difficulty speaking or slurred speech, temporary loss of vision in one eye, or drooping muscles in your face..

What is the best treatment for atherosclerosis?

Lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising, are the first treatment for atherosclerosis — and may be all that you need to treat your atherosclerosis….Surgery or other proceduresAngioplasty and stent placement. … Endarterectomy. … Fibrinolytic therapy. … Coronary artery bypass surgery.Mar 16, 2021

What is the difference between arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis quizlet?

Arteriosclerosis is a general term for the hardening of arteries and a loss of elasticity in arterial walls. Atherosclerosis is specifically a condition where arteries harden as a result of plaque buildup on artery walls.

Can you live a long life with atherosclerosis?

Living healthy with atherosclerosis is possible with proper management, so take steps toward better heart health now. Atherosclerosis doesn’t have to be a losing battle. In fact, the disease can be reversed through lifestyle changes, according to the American College of Cardiology.

What is atherosclerosis and why is it a health risk quizlet?

It limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your body. Pathophysiology: What can Atherosclerosis lead to? It can lead to Coronary Artery Disease, Carotid Artery Disease, and Peripheral Arterial Disease. … It can cause critical narrowing of the arteries resulting in tissue ischemia (lack of blood and oxygen).

What are the 4 stages of atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is the pathologic process by which cholesterol and calcium plaque accumulate within the arterial wall….The working theory includes four steps:Endothelial cell injury. … Lipoprotein deposition. … Inflammatory reaction. … Smooth muscle cell cap formation.

What are the symptoms of hardening of the arteries in the brain?

Symptoms of cerebral arteriosclerosis include headache, facial pain, and impaired vision. Cerebral arteriosclerosis can cause serious health problems. If the walls of an artery are too thick, or a blood clot becomes caught in the narrow passage, blood flow to the brain can become blocked and cause an ischemic stroke.

Which of the following is the first step in the development of atherosclerosis?

The oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) to Ox-LDL indicates the first step of atherosclerosis in cardiovascular diseases.

What causes atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is thickening or hardening of the arteries caused by a buildup of plaque in the inner lining of an artery. Risk factors may include high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical activity, and eating saturated fats.

Which of the following can lead to atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis may start when certain factors damage the inner layers of the arteries. These factors include: Smoking. High amounts of certain fats and cholesterol in the blood.

Which of the following is a risk factor for atherosclerosis quizlet?

Aging, smoking, stress, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high Lp(a), inflammation, low HDL.

Why is atherosclerosis dangerous quizlet?

Atherosclerosis is dangerous because a thickened artery walls results in a reduced flow of blood and therefore, a decrease in oxygen moving through the body. How can atherosclerosis cause heart attack?

Can smoking lead to atherosclerosis?

The chemicals in tobacco smoke harm your blood cells. They also can damage the function of your heart and the structure and function of your blood vessels. This damage increases your risk of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up in the arteries.

What causes atherosclerosis quizlet?

Atherosclerosis refers to the buildup of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on your artery walls (plaques), which can restrict blood flow. These plaques can burst, triggering a blood clot. Although atherosclerosis is often considered a heart problem, it can affect arteries anywhere in your body.

What is atherosclerosis quizlet?

Atherosclerosis definition. it is hardening of the arteries. It is due to progressive accumulation of smooth muscle cells, lipids and connective tissue within the INTIMA. It is a generic term for 3 patterns of vascular disease which have same result. Atherosclerosis-

What are symptoms of hardening of the arteries?

What are the symptoms of atherosclerosis?chest pain or angina.pain in your leg, arm, and anywhere else that has a blocked artery.shortness of breath.fatigue.confusion, which occurs if the blockage affects circulation to your brain.muscle weakness in your legs from lack of circulation.

What is the difference between atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis?

Arteriosclerosis is a broader term for the condition in which the arteries narrow and harden, leading to poor circulation of blood throughout the body. Atherosclerosis is a specific kind of arteriosclerosis, but these terms are often used interchangeably.

Is a used as a marker for the presence of atherosclerosis?

Markers of atherosclerosis included coronary artery calcification (CAC) and plasma levels of CD40L, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and VEGF.